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Table 2 Estimated net effect of family characteristic variables and control variables on the use of prenatal care and postnatal visits (n = 988)

From: Family characteristics and the use of maternal health services: a population-based survey in Eastern China

Variables Prenatal care Postnatal visits
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Family characteristic variables
 Whether or not living with parents (ref = No)
  Yes 0.45 (0.30–0.67)** 0.56 (0.36–0.87)** 0.48 (0.30–0.77)** 1.12 (0.82–1.53) 1.06 (0.76–1.48) 0.97 (0.69–1.37)
 Husband’s age (ref = 18–29 year-old)
  ≥35 year-old 0.90 (0.55–1.48) 1.40 (0.64–3.04) 1.21 (0.55–2.66) 0.84 (0.57–1.23) 0.60 (0.35–1.03) 0.53 (0.31–0.92)*
  ≥30 year-old 1.36 (0.83–2.22) 1.56 (0.86–2.82) 1.49 (0.82–2.70) 0.72 (0.51–1.01) 0.63 (0.42–0.95)* 0.59 (0.39–0.90)*
 Husband’s education (ref = primary school and below)
  College and above 10.19 (4.26–24.34)** 2.93 (0.92–9.33) 2.17 (0.65–7.23) 2.55 (1.33–4.89)** 2.52 (1.10–5.78)* 2.04 (0.87–4.77)
  High school 3.54 (1.72–7.27)** 1.53 (0.66–3.55) 1.35 (0.57–3.18) 1.78 (0.95–3.35) 2.10 (1.00–4.40)* 1.80 (0.85–3.80)
  Junior high school 1.97 (1.02–3.78)* 1.56 (0.75–3.23) 1.49 (0.71–3.12) 1.48 (0.81–2.73) 1.90 (0.96–3.76) 1.76 (0.89–3.49)
 Husband’s employment status (ref = No)
  Yes 1.53 (0.57–4.11) 1.02 (0.35–3.00) 0.81 (0.27–2.43) 0.71 (0.38–1.34) 0.70 (0.35–1.38) 0.63 (0.31–1.28)
 Per capita income of family (ref = Bad)
  Good 2.19 (1.15–4.15)* 1.85 (0.95–3.59) 2.20 (1.11–4.35)* 0.92 (0.61–1.37) 0.90 (0.59–1.37) 1.09 (0.70–1.68)
  General 1.02 (0.67–1.55) 0.90 (0.58–1.40) 0.98 (0.62–1.53) 0.95 (0.68–1.32) 0.95 (0.68–1.34) 1.03 (0.73–1.46)
Control variables
 Pregnant women’s age (ref = 18–24 year-old)
  ≥35 year-old   1.01 (0.32–3.18) 1.00 (0.31–3.17)   3.60 (1.51–8.59)** 3.52 (1.46–8.50)**
  ≥30 year-old   0.90 (0.34–2.37) 0.85 (0.32–2.24)   1.88 (0.91–3.89) 1.78 (0.85–3.73)
  ≥25 year-old   1.10 (0.47–2.57) 1.08 (0.46–2.52)   1.70 (0.89–3.25) 1.72 (0.89–3.32)
Pregnant women’s education (ref = primary school and below)
  College and above   2.90 (0.99–8.56) 1.74 (0.54–5.58)   0.72 (0.35–1.50) 0.44 (0.20–0.97)*
  High school   3.22 (1.46–7.09)** 2.42 (1.05–5.56)*   0.54 (0.29–0.99)* 0.40 (0.21–0.75)**
  Junior high school   1.37 (0.78–2.40) 1.17 (0.66–2.08)   0.54 (0.32–0.91)* 0.46 (0.27–0.79)**
 Pregnant women’s employment status (ref = No)
  Yes   1.70 (0.85–3.40) 1.70 (0.80–3.58)   1.09 (0.69–1.71) 1.01 (0.63–1.64)
Times of previous pregnancies of pregnant women (ref = 0)
  2 and more   1.27 (0.66–2.46) 1.24 (0.64–2.42)   0.58 (0.37–0.89)* 0.54 (0.35–0.84)**
  1   1.66 (0.93–2.96) 1.64 (0.92–2.94)   0.68 (0.48–0.95)* 0.66 (0.47–0.93)*
Times of previous giving births of pregnant women (ref = 0)
  1 and more   2.87 (1.45–5.66)** 2.54 (1.26–5.12)**   1.44 (0.89–2.35) 1.27 (0.77–2.09)
 Health insurance (ref = No)
  Yes    0.67 (0.37–1.23)    0.86 (0.56–1.33)
The time to the nearest medical institution by the fastest way available (ref = <10 min)
  ≥10 min or more    1.00 (0.68–1.48)    1.26 (0.95–1.67)
 Place of residence (ref = Urban)
  Rural    0.43 (0.23–0.82)*    0.50 (0.33–0.75)**
  1. P < 0.05
  2. ** P < 0.01 (two-tailed test)