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Table 3 Respondents' knowledge of breast cancer and self-reported practice of breast self-examination (n = 1402)

From: Breast cancer in Iran: need for greater women awareness of warning signs and effective screening methods

  Number %
Have you heard about breast cancer in Iran?   
Yes 894 64
No 508 36
What do you think about breast cancer in Iran   
It is a rare disease among women 200 14
It is relatively a common disease among women 851 61
I don't know 351 25
Breast cancer symptoms   
Painless mass 618 44
Painful mass 183 13
Nipple retraction 72 5
Breast pain 223 16
Breast discharge 81 6
Bloody discharge 118 8
Breast asymmetry 20 2
Don't know 87 6
Knowledge about screening programs*   
Heard of BSE 505 31
Heard of clinical examination 337 21
Heard of mammography 144 9
Knew nothing 626 39
Source of information*   
Radio 199 14
Television 487 34
Printed materials 191 13
Friends 284 20
Others (physicians, family, etc.) 271 19
Frequency of self-reported BSE   
Regularly (monthly) 238 17
Occasionally 282 20
Never 882 63
  1. * The respondent could choose more than one response category. The percentages are based on total responses and not total number of the respondents.