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Table 3 Frequency of clinicians asking about abuse (n = 61) †

From: Domestic violence management in Malaysia: A survey on the primary health care providers

  Frequency of clinicians asking about abuse ‡   
  Almost always or Always Sometimes Seldom or Never Statistical test value
χ2
p value
Injury 52.5 29.5 18.0 11.25 0.005 <p < 0.0005
Depression or anxiety 41.0 26.2 32.8 1.99 NS
Chronic pelvic pain 6.6 31.1 62.3 28.56 0.005 <p < 0.0005
Headache 8.2 34.4 57.4 22.16 0.005 <p < 0.0005
Irritable bowel syndrome 3.3 19.7 77 54.9 0.005 <p < 0.0005
Unexplained IUGR 6.6 16.4 77 53.35 0.005 <p < 0.0005
Premature labor 8.2 14.8 77 52.86 0.005 <p < 0.0005
Lack prenatal care 16.4 31.1 52.5 12 0.005 <p < 0.0005
  1. † Clinicians were asked the question 'How frequent do you asked about domestic violence when seeing a patient with these conditions?'
  2. ‡ Observed values are given as percentage of clinicians. All expected percentages are 33.33%.